Арафат, ЦРУ и Саудовская Аравия. Связи и взаимовлияние

Форумы Арктогеи (Geopolitik): ГЕОПОЛИТИКА И ПОЛИТОЛОГИЯ (архив): Перспективы традиционализма в Израиле (архив тем): Арафат, ЦРУ и Саудовская Аравия. Связи и взаимовлияние


3011: By Авром on Вторник, Декабрь 19, 2000 - 23:36:
«Мерседесы» и виллы для диктатуры Арафата


Михаил Фальков

В последнее время Служба общей разведки (СОР) Саудовской Аравии установила, что пожертвования, поступающие на счет администрации Арафата в пользу «интифады Аль-Акса», расходуются не по назначению. Более того, по данным саудовских спецслужб, высшие чиновники ПА приобрели на средства арабских стран (полученные «на нужды палестинского народа») роскошные виллы на Кипре и в некоторых европейских странах. Вместе с тем, ряд гендиректоров министерств (в частности, минздрава) ПА переводили деньги, полученные от стран-спонсоров, на личные счета в зарубежных банках.
После того как информация подобного рода поступила в Эр-Рияд, саудовцы поделились ею с руководством других арабских стран, в первую очередь ОАЭ и Египта. В этой связи во дворце саудовского короля Фахда недавно прошло секретное совещание, посвященное вопросу продолжения финансирования интифады.
На совещании присутствовали: король Фахд Абдель Азиз, наследный принц Абдалла, а также шеф СОР принц Турки аль-Фейсал и его заместитель, сын короля Фахда - Сауд. Кроме того, в совещании также приняли участие представители финансовой элиты королевства. Среди них особенно выделялись члены двух могущественных кланов Махфуз и Ладен. Оба они занимают ведущие позиции в саудовской экономике, а в 80-х годах совместно участвовали в финансировании войны против СССР в Афганистане.
В настоящее время семейство Махфузов принимает активное участие в мировом нефтяном бизнесе, а Бин-Ладены владеют международной компанией «Saudi Bin-Laden Group». В сферу ее коммерческих интересов входят нефтяные и химические проекты, а также телекоммуникация и спутниковая связь. На заседании, посвященном «финансированию интифады», «Saudi Bin-Laden Group» представлял Тарик Бин-Ладен. Он контролирует «Исламский банк развития» (ИБР), членами которого являются 44 государства.
ИБР был создан в 1976 году при организации «Исламская конференция», и его штаб-квартира находится в Джедде. Уставной капитал ИБР - около 3 млрд. долларов. Крупнейшим пайщиком банка является Саудовская Аравия - 26%.
Тарик Бин-Ладен уже многие годы пользуется огромным влиянием при королевском дворе саудитов. Кстати, в 1990 году он стоял за установлением дипотношений между Москвой и Эр-Риядом. Не обошлись без него и на сей раз. Одним из результатов совещания стало решение о переводе финансовых средств ПА не напрямую, а исключительно через ИБР. Помимо этого, большую часть помощи палестинцы теперь будут получать не деньгами, а «натурой». В первую очередь это будут медикаменты, продукты первой необходимости и учебное оборудование для школ и вузов.
До сих пор Саудовская Аравия была одним из главных спонсоров ПА. В начале ноября Эр-Рияд предоставил палестинскому руководству экстренную финансовую помощь в размере 30 миллионов долларов. В конце октября саудиты обязались перевести на счета ПА 250 миллионов долларов. Незадолго до визита Арафата в Эр-Рияд, в начале декабря, принц Абдалла объявил о выделении дополнительных средств - 26 миллионов долларов, предназначенных «палестинским семьям, пострадавшим в ходе «интифады Аль-Акса»

http://www.novosti.co.il/Novosty/News/main_page/5874
2467: By ВМ on Четверг, Ноябрь 23, 2000 - 21:40:
Товарищи, нет ни у кого более подробной информации по теме сотрудничества ЦРУ с ООП?
Ralph McGehee на Infowar доклад
An Israeli official, denies Netanyahu told Clinton to order the CIA to
desist on negotiations with the Palestinians. The government worries that
CIA might divulge information that would compromise both Israeli national
security and anti-terrorism operations. CIA has maintained a permanent
liaison with the PLO since it was based in Beirut
, providing the PLO with
intelligence on its enemies in return for vital intelligence on terrorists
operating against American and other Western interests. Sources Global
Briefings 2/5/98
2478: By Авром on Пятница, Ноябрь 24, 2000 - 15:43:
с момента начала "Процесса Осло" ЦРУ обучают официально спецназ и спецслужбы ООП.Палестинские офицеры прходят обученик в США , а тут есть американские советники. Неофициальные контакты были очень давно, я тоже слышал подобные приведённым Вами сведения.
Арафат происходит из клана Хуссейни, контролирующего арабское население Палестины с момента установления британского мандата, а этому клану помогли победить в борьбе среди арабов за власть и вели дальше Британские спецслужбы.
ЦРУ в последнее время совершенно открыто - одна из сторон в урегулировании отношений между ООП и Израилем. Сотрудниеи Управления присутствуют на переговорах и передают послания от израильской стороны палестинским спецслужбам и наоборот.
Во время первого налета израильских вертолетов на объекты ООП в Газе, в резиденции Арафата шла встреча между ним и директором ЦРУ, Ракетному обстрелу подверглась штпб-квартира арафатовского спецназа в метрах двухстах от места переговоров. Израиль якобы не знал о том, что директор ЦРУ там сидит. Он прервал переговоры и смылся.
2524: By Авром on Понедельник, Ноябрь 27, 2000 - 03:50:
http://www.novosti.co.il/Novosty/News/main_page/5294

Палестинские спецслужбы создают
законспирированные группы для проведения терактов против ЦАХАЛа и поселенцев на «территориях» и в пределах Израиля.
По данным ШАБАКа и АМАНа(военная разведка), создаваемые террористические группы будут действовать по указанию руководителей спецслужб автономии. При этом террористы не будут связаны с ними напрямую, чтобы избежать обвинений в адрес администрации Арафата. По информации израильских спецслужб, созданием новой террористической сети занимаются, главным образом, шеф «Аль-Амн аль-Викаий» в секторе Газа Мухаммад Дахлан и глава палестинской «Мукхаббарат аль-Амма» (Служба общей разведки на Западном берегу Иордана) Тауфик Тирауи. В состав террористических групп войдут в основном сотрудники этих спецслужб. Они и в дальнейшем будут участвовать в спецоперациях своих ведомств и параллельно с этим осуществлять теракты. Финансирование новых террористических групп также планируется производить из бюджета «Аль-Амн аль-Викаий» и «Мукхаббарат аль-Амма».
В последние недели вышеупомянутые спецслужбы ПА уже приняли активное участие в террористических акциях против солдат ЦАХАЛа и еврейских поселенцев. Одновременно они координировали свои действия с боевым крылом организации ФАТХ - «Танзим», возглавляемым Маруаном Баргути.
«Мукхаббарат аль-Амма» - одна из крупнейших спецслужб ПА (аналог израильского «Мосада»). Общее руководство ею осуществляет генерал-майор Амин аль-Хинди. В прошлом он был членом знаменитой террористической организации «Черный сентябрь» («Аялул аль-Асвад») и причастен к убийству одиннадцати израильских спортсменов в Мюнхене в сентябре 1972 года (после этого ушел в глубокое подполье, опасаясь возмездия израильских спецслужб).
С конца 80-х - начала 90-х аль-Хинди отвечал в структуре ООП за установление связей с ЦРУ.
В составе «Мукхаббарат аль-Амма» насчитывается около трех тысяч кадровых офицеров. Спецслужба проводит операции как на территории ПА, так и за ее пределами. Она обладает разветвленной агентурной сетью на базе палестинской диаспоры в странах Ближнего Востока, а также в США, Латинской Америке и Западной Европе. «Мукхаббарат аль-Амма» курирует сотрудничество палестинских спецслужб с параллельными организациями за рубежом.
Генерал Тауфик Тирауи руководит отделением «Мукхаббарат аль-Амма» на Западном берегу Иордана (штаб-квартира находится в Иерихоне). Агенты Тирауи сыграли решающую роль в организации волнений на Храмовой горе в Иерусалиме после визита туда Ариэля Шарона в конце сентября.
беспорядки среди Израильских арабов
После нескольких недель относительного спокойствия в конце минувшей недели в арабских районах Израиля вновь вспыхнули беспорядки. Их эпицентр был на севере страны. В четверг группа молодых арабов перекрыла дорогу, ведущую из Шфарама в Мицпе-Ади. Они жгли автомобильные покрышки, а также завалили дорогу металлическими прутьями и электрическими столбами.
2539: By АЛ on Понедельник, Ноябрь 27, 2000 - 16:19:
Авром
Как быстро арабы ловят политические ветры США в свои паруса на
http://memri.org/news.html#974949693
2967: By Авром on Понедельник, Декабрь 18, 2000 - 01:45:
Ещё о ЦРУ и Арафате


Date: Wed, 6 Dec 2000 13:01:46 -0500

Subject: Kol ha-Ir: This Is How the CIA Operates in Israel and in the Territories * Exposure
Add Addresses



Kol ha-Ir: This Is How the CIA Operates in Israel and in the
Territories *
Exposure

November 24, 2000 pp. 54-60

[Kol ha-Ir is a weekly newspaper in Israel. The translation is
courtesy of
Women In Green]

The American intelligence agency bears the main responsibility for the
military development of the Palestinian Authority. CIA agents organized
courses for snipers, trained special units, and provided sophisticated
listening devices, all in exchange for security cooperation with
Israel. Now
George Tenet, the head of the organization, and John O'Connor, station
chief
in Israel, have become the only communications channel between the
sides. No
great success has been chalked up

THE INTELLIGENCE PROS
[note: the Hebrew used for "pros" - ashfei - also uses the same letters
as
the Hebrew for PLO - ASHAF]
Arnon Regoler
photography: Angeli

At the unsuccessful Paris summit George Tenet, the Director of the CIA,
met
Yasser Arafat, and demanded that he calm the atmosphere and stop the
violence. Tenet did not forget to remind the Palestinian leader that it
was
not for nothing that the CIA has a reputation of builder and destroyer
of
nations. According to the British Independent newspaper, the head of
the
Palestinian Authority was not impressed by the threat.

This was not the first time that Tenet met with Arafat. The Director of
the
American intelligence agency is considered to be the patron of
Israeli-Palestinian-American cooperation since '96. Over the course of
years, Tenet and Arafat met in the region a number of times in order to
clinch security deals. Thus the organization, and especially Tenet, who
heads it, have gradually become an integral part of all the contacts
conducted between the Israelis and the Palestinians in the last three
years.
And thus the head of the organization, who is responsible for the Bay
of
Pigs and the Iran-Contras scandals (who did not anticipate even a
single
important political development in the region, such as the Iraqi
invasion of
Kuwait or the Oslo accords), has become the object of the wet dreams of
the
Israeli and Palestinian leaderships.

The American agents trained sniper units, policemen, and intelligence
officers, and conducted military exercises for additional units in the
Palestinian military apparatus. They also provided sophisticated
equipment,
built a headquarters for Jibril Rajub, from which they also operate,
and
operated satellite stations in the Authority's cities. The Israeli
governments, that felt confident of American support, did not express
opposition, knowing that, in the final analysis, American intelligence
information concerning what was happening in the Authority would aid
the
security situation in Israel.

Everything has gone topsy-turvy in recent weeks. The security
cooperation
between Israel and the Authority has become a faint memory, and except
for
individual initiatives by political elements, in recent weeks, since
the
outbreak of the riots, Tenet, by means of John O'Connor, the CIA
station
chief in Tel Aviv, has succeeded in taking control of the
communications
channels between Israel and the Palestinians. O'Connor was actively
involved
in the attempts to rescue Yusef Madhat from Joseph's Tomb about a month
ago,
and according to the testimony of security sources, also in the
surrendering
of the lynchers from Ramallah. After four years of active involvement
by the
CIA in the security contacts between the sides, the failure to calm the
situation is glaring. The agreements (that were violated) concerning
the
Beit Jala-Gilo sector and the meetings between Israeli and Palestinian
security elements in Cairo placed O'Connor, Tenet, and the entire CIA
organization in the embarrassing situation in which the sides may
possibly
be beating a path to their door, but do not honor any agreement to
which
they committed themselves before it [the CIA].

An Opening for the PLO [Hebrew wordplay: petah le-Fatah]

The CIA's ties with the Palestinians are not something new. Similar to
other
regions in which the Agency developed ties with the countries with
which the
US does not officially talk, this also happened with the Palestinian
movements and with the PLO.
This began in the 'seventies in Lebanon, when Bob Ames, the CIA
station
chief there, started to maintain ties with elements in the Arab world,
and
especially with PLO people and other factions in Lebanon. In meetings
with
Israelis he told a great deal about his ties with Abu Jihad and Arafat.
The
Americans preferred to conceal these ties because of Israeli
opposition, and
the Palestinian identification with the Soviet bloc, but this did not
prevent them from maintaining the open channel. Thus, for example, they
exchanged messages with the leading members of the Young Fatah in
Beirut,
most prominent among whom was the Operations Officer of Black September
and
the founder of Force 17, Ali Hasan Salameh, who would later be murdered
by
the Mossad in the explosion of a car bomb.

Salameh served, among other tasks, as the central intelligence officer
of
the Fatah, alongside Abu-Iyad, and on the background of his ties with
Ames,
he delivered lectures twice at the headquarters of the CIA organization
at
Langley, Virginia, about the then-forming PLO. Salameh would later
recompense the Americans by protecting the US embassy in Beirut at the
beginning of the Lebanese civil war, and provided security for the
evacuation of American citizens from the city in 1976. These ties were
never
broken: Ames mediated between Israel and Arafat during the course of
the
transfer of the PLO forces from Beirut to Tunis, and Arafat, who met
with
him on a steady basis, always regarded the ties with the US as a
central
goal. A tangible insurance policy, paralleling the PLO's ties with the
USSR
and the Eastern bloc.

In the 'eighties the Americans maintained a direct link with Abu-Iyad,
that
also included preliminary feelers after the eruption of the intifada in
1987, in an attempt to examine the possibility of diplomatic
negotiations
between the PLO and Israel. These ties became public in the meetings
between
Robert Pelletreau, the US ambassador in Tunis, and Yasser Abu-Rabo, the
deputy of Naif Hawatma, the head of the Democratic Front for the
Liberation
of Palestine.

The American contacts were conducted in parallel to the Palestinian
ties
with France and security services in additional European countries. In
1990
the US announced the suspension of the dialogue with the PLO, that was
already public, in the wake of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and
Arafat's
support for Saddam Hussein. Despite this, the contacts continued, and
upon
the conclusion of the Gulf War and at the time of the preparations for
the
Madrid Conference the tie once again became public.

The secret negotiations conducted at Oslo between Israel and the PLO
caught
the CIA by surprise. Even if the Americans knew about some of the
meetings,
they certainly were not aware of their scope and significance, and they
only
got on the horse after the fundamental agreements had been reached. The
main
importance of the story, however, lies specifically in the consequences
for
the relationship between the Palestinian national movement and the US,
consequences that, as far as Arafat is concerned, make an appearance at
present as well. The connection with the CIA fulfills a number of goals
for
him, at this time as well. This is a connection that also guards his
life as
the head of the Palestinian national movement against the radical
elements
in Fatah and in Libya, in Iran, and in Iraq. Arafat understood that he
needs
a new intelligence arrangement. He began to search for this, and he
also
found it.

Problems in Concentrating

Upon the signing of the Declaration of Principles in September 1993,
for the
first time Arafat received vital legitimacy from Israel, and with it
American support. Israel presented him as a partner and ally in the war
against the Hamas terror. The seal of approval received even stronger
validity in the Cairo agreement in May 1994, that permitted the entry
of the
Authority to Gaza and Jericho, and later to the cities of the [West]
Bank as
well. Before the entry of the forces, security matters were clarified,
such
as the scope and structure of the Palestinian police. The entire
process
created exaggerated Israeli expectations. In practice, Arafat did not
really
take control of the Hamas and Fatah, who were active in the field.

Rather, Arafat's entry to Gaza was also accompanied by a change in the
format that had been determined in the agreements. Instead of
establishing
an administration of the different policing mechanisms that would
command
the forces, Arafat began to direct the police in a centralized manner.
The
number of the mechanisms and their function changed; thus came into
being
the General Intelligence apparatus, under the command of Amin al-Hindi,
from
Black September; the Preventive Security apparatus, that was headed by
Mohammed Dahlan in the Gaza Strip and Jibril Rajub in the [West] Bank;
and a
string of additional organizations such as Force 17, the Presidential
Guard,
the Special Security, and the National Security - the Palestinian army,
that
is based primarily on members of the Palestine Liberation Army that was
deployed in Arab countries. Arafat directly controlled each apparatus
and
intervened in what happened in each, to the smallest details.

Upon the outbreak of the recent riots, the intelligence officers of the
Central Command, who briefed IDF forces in Bitunia to the west of
Ramallah,
warned that the Palestinians received training in anti-terror measures
and
sniper marksmanship from foreign experts in the tent camp near Jibril
Rajub's new headquarters. It can hardly be said that, as far as the IDF
is
concerned, that this is an exceptional development. Already in 1994,
upon
the entry to the territories of the Authority's forces, Israel accepted
this
pattern. The goal was strengthening Arafat against the Hamas.

Dr. Boaz Ganor, from the Interdisciplinary Center in Herzliyah,
explains:
"At the basis of the conception was the idea of reliance upon the
Palestinian intelligence capabilities, especially since in '93 they
were
vastly superior to our [intelligence capabilities] as occupiers. This
is a
system that lives within its people, is familiar with it, and receives
cooperation from it."

And so thousands of Palestinian police found themselves receiving
American
training, along with courses by Scotland Yard, courses by the French
police,
and the police forces of Germany, Austria, Holland, and the
Scandinavian
countries. Even different frameworks of the UN have, since 1993, been
providing training courses, that extend from days to weeks. The
training
courses include responding to disturbances of public order, the war
against
terror, interrogations and questioning, administrative police courses,
and
more. Added to these courses are more advanced and complex topics, of
an
intelligence nature.

An Israeli intelligence source explains: "On the part of Israel, there
was
an oral understanding with the Palestinians, that was based on the need
to
build a Palestinian police force. Everything was conducted under the
general
understanding that subjects that could trouble the State of Israel
would not
be taught within the context of the courses." This was conducted,
according
to the source, with full transparency to the foreign countries. "The
problem
was never the very holding of one course or another, but with its
content.
This was a troubling subject, to which objections were raised by the
GSS and
by the other organizations, in a specific manner. This was always
perceived
as a potential threat, but, to the best of my recollection, it never
constituted a causus belli. Israel, at the most, expressed its
displeasure
and moved along."

The CIA, that conducted some of the courses, also was not free of its
own
interests. "From my knowledge of the way in which intelligence
organizations
work," a military source relates, "the central consideration on the
part of
the foreign organizations is the recruitment of agents, and during the
course of these training sessions they undoubtedly recruited whoever
they
could." The source cites as an especially problematic example the
training
courses that were given in Egypt and in Jordan. "As far as Egypt is
concerned, mainly Gaza, but also the [West] Bank, is its front yard,
and
they have a double motive to know what is happening in the Authority,
and
through it to also know what is happening in Israel. The Authority's
security cooperation with Egypt unquestionably exceeds the relations
with
other Arab countries. There are clear indications that people from the
Egyptian intelligence are currently present in the territories, and
closely
follow the recent riots."

The Element of Penetration

Despite the original Israeli conception of the Palestinian Authority's
[security/intelligence] apparatuses, as if their goal is to fight
terror, it
was clear, already from the beginning, that the main efforts of the
apparatuses were directed to the locating Israeli penetration of their
services and the disrupting of the Israeli capability in this context.
As is
known, old habits die slowly, and decades of activity against Israel in
the
territories and outside them established a pattern of limited
cooperation
with Israel. There was no reason why Amin al-Hindi, who for decades had
waged the war of minds with the GSS and the Mossad (and maintained for
Fatah
contacts with the foreign intelligence organizations) would smoothly
make
the transition to a format of cooperation with Israel; and also for the
heads of the other apparatuses, such as Rajub, Dahlan, and others,
there is
no natural tendency like this, in spite of the Israeli expectations.
Additionally, the continued operation of agents in the areas of the
Authority after the agreement, and various events, such as the
discovery of
listening devices attributed to Israel in the headquarters of the one
who
was supposed to head the Palestinian police, General Nasser Yusuf, did
not
contribute to a change of this atmosphere.

Between 1994 and 1996 the appearance was created of intensive
cooperation,
that concealed great hostility and suspicion. In some instances, the
Palestinians agreed to act in accordance with Israeli information, but
such
information led to a chain reaction on the Palestinian side, that had
the
goal, first and foremost, of revealing how the information had leaked
to the
GSS. "The instances of the transferal of information or independent
Palestinian prevention [of terror] activity are extremely rare, and
they
happened, for example, on the eve of the last elections in Israel, when
the
apparatus of Mohammed Dahlan prevented the infiltration of large
explosive
charges for the purpose of conducting a major terrorist attack in the
center
of Israel," a security source explains.

The suicide bombings in February and March '96 in Jerusalem and in
Ashkelon
were a turning point in the Palestinian policy. The attacks also
constituted
a turning point in terms of involvement by CIA operatives, who saw how
public opinion in Israel, and Binyamin Netanyahu's chances of rising to
power, cast doubt upon the continuation of the diplomatic process.

After Peres, by means of his emissaries, had attained the April
understandings, that included consent to outlawing the Hamas and the
Islamic
Jihad, the American intelligence entered the picture once again, this
time
in a more active manner than ever.
The first stage was the entry by Stan Moskowitz, the former CIA
station
chief in Tel Aviv, into the details of the security contacts and the
sending
of representatives of the intelligence agency to accompany the activity
of
the Preventive Security and General Intelligence people in Gaza and in
Jericho. Meir Dagan, the head of Netanyahu's security staff: "It is my
assessment that the involvement did not stem from a specific and clear
decision, but rather from a gradual development. The United States
always
wanted to know what was really happening, but there is a well-known
process
of the dragging of intelligence organizations into a crisis. This is a
slow
process, that receives gradual legitimization by the relevant parties."

First and foremost, the CIA functioned as a conduit for the passing of
personal messages to Arafat. "Until then, if information about a senior
individual in Hamas had accumulated in Israel, Israel would have
addressed
Arafat with the information and requested clarifications," relates a
senior
security personage. "Arafat would say that the information does not
exist or
is groundless, or 'I checked, and there is nothing to it.' The American
involvement began a process of the active clarification and
determination of
information details in the field."

Rajub as a Chatterbox

Moskowitz also played a part in the deep involvement of the CIA in that
period. Moskowitz, who was his sixties at the time, is described as
someone
who had free access to the Rais [leader]'s chamber, and as having an
open
line to the head of the GSS, the Mossad, and the IDF Intelligence
Branch,
and to the Prime Minister's Bureau. In that period the Americans also
began
to undertake the training of Arafat's Presidential Guard, with courses
for
the protection of individuals, and improving intelligence capability by
means of courses and visits to the Agency headquarters in Virginia.
American
sources report of visits by apparatus heads Rajub and Dahlan to the
American
headquarters of the CIA and other intelligence agencies such as the
FBI.

In addition to the training of the forces, courses were also given in
the
organization of databases, along with improving the capability of
employing
advanced surveillance and photography methods, and the supply of
sophisticated listening equipment, such as computer programs capable of
monitoring a large number of frequencies. The CIA also supplied the
Palestinians with advanced radio scanners, that could also be used to
listen
in on the frequencies of the Israeli security forces, and additional
intelligence equipment.

As the process continued, CIA liaison offices were established on the
ground
in Hebron, Ramallah, and Shechem. The construction of the Preventive
Security compound in Bitunia, next to Ramallah, was completed at the
beginning of the year, with the activity of the [Preventive Security]
service transferred there from Jericho. This compound, that was built
with
the aid of the American intelligence agency, is called "the Pentagon"
in the
Palestinian street. Palestinian sources report of an additional
compound of
the General Security, that also will be constructed in the Ramallah
area.

A CIA officer also is resident in Jerusalem, in the offices of the
American
consulate in East Jerusalem. This officer conducts tours of Bethlehem
and of
"seam" [= 1967 border] areas, while disguised in traditional Islamic
garb,
and conducts meetings on a steady basis with Palestinian security and
political elements.

Laboratory Conditions

In January 1997 the CIA involvement acquires a new dimension, when
Moskovitz
is involved in the formulation of the security appendix to the Hebron
agreement, and is directly in charge of the contacts between the
Palestinians and the Israelis. He is supervised by Tenet, then only the
deputy of John Deutsch, the ousted head of the intelligence agency.
Inspired
by the agreement, the CIA began to conduct additional activities, such
as
counting, at Israel's request, the Hamas members imprisoned in the
Palestinian prisons and supervision of the lists of Palestinian
policemen.

In July '97 the American envoy for Middle East affairs Dennis Ross
conducts
a low-profile security visit, that leads to a clash between him and
Netanyahu's people, on the background of the demand for action against
the
Hamas infrastructure. When Ross insisted, "You, too, were not
successful in
contending with the Hamas," a senior member of the Netanyahu government
replied: "You need a terrorist to deal with a terrorist." Despite the
difficult atmosphere, contacts continued for the creation of a formula
for
the continued transferal of area to the Palestinians, in exchange for
determined war against the Hamas (the code word for the arrest of
activists,
on demand), supervision of continued arrests, the locating of
laboratories
for explosives, and the arrest of senior wanted [terrorists].

In operational terms, the security cooperation began to acquire a new
form.
A senior Israeli official at the time relates that Ross's visit "led to
the
creation of a veto mechanism, according to which if the Palestinians
want to
release Hamas members, the names would be given to the CIA, who had the
right of veto over the release. In parallel, we conducted a quiet
dialogue
and updating with the Americans, with the Palestinians being aware of
this."
In addition, the American agents went to the prisons to confirm in the
field
the continued imprisonment of the wanted [terrorists], cooperation that
eventually led in practice to the elimination of the military arms of
the
Hamas and of the Islamic Jihad.

They Shot the Sheriff

A week after the terrorist attack at Cafe Apropo, the CIA people came
to
Bitunia to examine the garage in which the explosion occurred, as a
result
of which Muhi ed-Din esh-Sharif, who was known as the Engineer no. 2,
was
killed. GSS people also were seen beside them. In the end, a joint
version
was established, that esh-Sharif was murdered with a pistol by I'adal
Awadallah, as a result of financial and tactical disagreements. Hamas,
of
course, denied this, but the episode was a major embarrassment for the
movement.

The CIA-inspired security cooperation was also noticeable in the
capture of
two members of the Tzurif gang that carried out the terrorist attack at
Apropo. Jamal Alhud and Abd-el-Rahman Janimat fled to Hebron after the
attack, and were arrested by members of the Preventive Security. The
two
were transferred for some reason from the Hebron prison to the one in
Shechem, and close to the village of Hawara IDF special units took
control
of the vehicle and captured them without opening fire. Following the
arrest,
demonstrations by Hamas activists against Rajub were held in Hebron.
Rajub
himself denied that the arrest was the result of any cooperation with
Israel, and claimed that the pair were transferred to Shechem in order
to
stand trial. An Israeli security source describes: "Unrelated to the
diplomatic contacts, during the course of the entire period, there was
noticeable determined action by the Palestinian security services,
under
supervision by CIA people, that included action against preachers
identified
with the Hamas in the mosques, and continued arrests of members of the
movement."

As a result of this activity, I'adl and Imad Awadallah, the heads of
the
military arm of Hamas, were eliminated by a Yamam [special
antiterrorist
police unit] force at a farm near Hebron, in a region under Israeli
control,
and in December 1999 the Hamas members Iad Batat and Nadr Musala, also
senior members of the military arm, were killed in a clash with
Duvdevan
soldiers in the village of Bet-Awa, southwest of Hebron.

Sheikh Abd el-Hakim el-Masalama, a member of the political leadership
of the
Islamic Jihad, who currently sits on the joint committee with Fatah,
said
this week: "There is no doubt that the security cooperation under
American
inspiration had harsh consequences for the Hamas and the Islamic Jihad.
The
most prominent expression of this policy is the Palestinian Authority's
policy of political arrests, that was done under American pressure.
Beyond
this, our people encountered American agents in the prisons, when they
came
to check that they were under arrest. It is clearly known among the
Ramallah
people that an entire floor in the 'Pentagon' is used by the CIA
people."

Screen Check

In November '97 Tenet appeared before the Conference of Jewish
Organizations and shared his feelings with those present: "There is a
single
ray of light on the background of the terrorist attacks in the past two
years in Israel, and that is the contribution by the US to the work of
the
sides in facilitating the dialogue and security cooperation, especially
in
that it caused the Palestinians to fulfill their obligations."

The entry of the organization into direct action aroused criticism in
Israel. "Until the entry of the CIA, we were forced to contend with
low-level State Department reports regarding the construction in the
settlements," relates one of Netanyahu's people, "until this
construction
became the central dynamics between the secret services. Censuses of
mobile
homes became the central focus of interest by the CIA people, and the
subject also arose in the security discussions." In another instance
the
Arab weekly that is published in Paris, Alwatan el-Arab, claimed that
Netanyahu even demanded the firing of Moskovitz, claiming that he was
pro-Palestinian. The report resulted in denials from Jerusalem.

Despite the criticism, the outing by Tenet and Moskovitz came about, in
all
places, in the Wye talks, when the two were present for the first time
publicly in the rooms of the discussions, and accompanied the
negotiations
during the nine days they were held. The presence of the two, who came
after
a direct invitation from Clinton and the involvement of the Agency in
the
resolution of the disagreement between Israel and the Authority,
stirred up
much criticism in the American media and in the Senate Select Committee
on
Intelligence, that oversees the organization. The head of the
committee,
Senator Richard Shelby, defined the role of the CIA as a nuisance, and
voiced the opinion of many who thought that there was a problem in the
CIA's
being about to be involved up to its neck in the Israeli-Palestinian
conflict. Melvin Goodman, a professor of international security and who
is
close to high-level American security circles, describes the
problematics:
"Clinton initiates moves, and the Senate goes along with him willingly
in
order to assure the attainment of a diplomatic agreement. This is a
matter
for statesmen, and not for secret services. The CIA has defined tasks
of
information gathering, the recruitment of agents, and the writing of
situation assessments. Tenet, who is no more than a skilled Democratic
politician who spent most of his time on Capitol Hill, did not know
about
the bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, and now he 'cooks up'
situation assessments for Clinton."

After the outbreak of the latest clashes with the Palestinian
Authority,
Tenet and O'Connor were asked to save the diplomatic process and their
role
as referees in this game, so far without results. The terrorist attacks
in
the past week merely attest to the inability of the CIA people, who are
not
successful in calming the arena. In practice, the Agency people are
still in
the field, but their function is not tangibly expressed in a calming of
the
situation.

Several months after King Hussein's death last year and the crowning of
Abdullah, American security sources reported a strengthening of
regional
cooperation in the war against terror. The sources, who briefed senior
American reporters, proudly spoke of the creation of a regional regime
of
effective cooperation between Jordan, Israel, the Palestinians, and
Egypt
under the aegis of the CIA against the fundamentalist elements in the
Islamic world. A senior Israeli political figure, who is familiar with
the
CIA involvement in the current conflict, said this week: "In a
situation of
military conflict between Israel and the Palestinians and the danger of
an
expansion of the conflict, it is preferable for Tenet and his buddies,
and
the can of worms that accompanies them, to direct their calming efforts
to
other places."

The American embassy stated that it does not respond to matters related
to
the CIA.

CAPTIONS
p. 55 "This is a matter for statesmen, and not for secret services."
George
Tenet praying at the Western Wall
p. 57 O'Connor became the sole liaison conduit. The offices of the CIA
in
the American embassy (photograph: Ornah Itamar)
p. 59 "It is known that an entire floor in the 'Pentagon' is used by
the
CIA." Rajub's headquarters
p. 60 Training of foreign intelligence services. The training camp of
Rajub's people (photograph: Rafi Kotz)


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2973: By Авром on Понедельник, Декабрь 18, 2000 - 13:50:
Ирак и Ватикан едины //Эксперт.-¹47.-2000.-С.88

Архиепископ Илларион Капуччи (до прошлого года был посланником Ватикана в Европе) поблагодарил Ирак за «моральную и материальную поддержку палестинцев в их восстании на Западном берегу реки Иордан и в секторе Газа» (в середине 70-х Капуччи был греко-католическим епископом Иерусалима и провел несколько лет в израильской тюрьме по обвинению в контрабандной доставке палестинским боевикам движения «Фатх» оружия из Ливана).

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